Economy: Linen and hemp, productions of the future

On Tuesday, June 14, the actors of the flax sector and, more confidentially, of hemp, met in Avelin. Objective: defend flax and introduce textile hemp, productions of the future.

The various flax and hemp textile players gathered in Avelin for a day of discussions. © EP

It was at the Rémy Decherf estate in Avelin (59) that around 150 professionals from the flax and hemp textile sectors gathered for the 8th meeting of the organic flax and hemp textile sectors. It was the Linen and Organic Hemp Association (LC bio) that organized the event with the aim of promoting the benefits of these crops. On the program: presentation of the flax treatment process and highlighting the cultivation of hemp, in an embryonic state in France.

Well established in the region.

As for bedding, conventional and organic, it is already well established in Hauts-de-France. 201 ha are dedicated to the cultivation of organic flax in the region. In addition, from cultivation to manufacturing, several local professionals were present, such as: Emmanuel Lardier, director of the Opalin cutting company (Le Parcq, 62), Cédric Auplat, president of Peignage Dumortier (Tourcoing, 59), Olivier Guillaume, president de Safilin (Sailly-sur-la-Lys, 62), Emmanuel de Saint Martin, commercial director of the Lemaître Demeestere fabric company (Halluin, 59) or even Loïc Baert, general manager of Lemahieu (Saint-Andrélez-Lille, 59 ) .

organic goal

Although professionals in the sector continue to use conventional bedding for the most part, more and more are working with ecological bedding, such as Loïc Baert: “ 80% of the world’s linen production is shared between Normandy and the Netherlands. Going organic is a real way to make an impact in the territory. They all also remembered the interest of inserting flax in their rotations, for its virtues “cleaners” for floors. But flax is also a capricious plant, which requires precise climatic conditions. Given this, textile hemp could be a great alternative.

Promising experiments

Since 2017, LC bio has been experimenting with this crop on small surfaces. In 2018, it purchased a Chinese mower/parallelizer. In 2021, after five years of encouraging results, the agricultural machinery manufacturers Hyler and Cretes Union embark on the creation of a harvesting prototype dedicated to hemp and will operate in 2022 on one hundred trial hectares from Belgium to Charente.

In addition, this year, “tester” farmers (two in the region) and certain clothing brands have signed the textile hemp charter, aimed primarily at ensuring that production remains in Europe.

The plant that grows everywhere.

According to Nathalie Revol, project director of the Lin et chanvre bio (LCBio) association, which works to revive the hemp sector, this culture has advantages: “ Requires very few inputs and grows anywhereshe explains. When inserted into a six-year rotation, it reduces the treatment frequency index (TFI) by 25-30% and increases the yield of the next crop (usually wheat) by 10%. »

Some statements confirmed by Marion Dewynter, fourth of the name, who has just taken over the family business of veneering Dewynter, in Rubrouck (59) and who is one of the testers. ” Basically, we make more linen. Last year we cultivated 1.5 ha of textile hemp and this year we will increase to 8 hashe says. We wanted a new rotation to integrate and hemp is really effective. “Certainly a new rotation, but textile hemp is almost a return to basics, as his grandfather had planted 200 acres of textile hemp 26 years ago. too pioneering…

A growing demand

In fact, within a few decades, Marion’s grandfather had had a gift, as today, the demand for linen and/or hemp clothing and accessories is constantly increasing.

For Pierre Schmitt, President of Velcorex, the renewed consumer interest in flax and hemp is ultimately a fair return: ” We must not forget that the fact that our clothes are made of cotton is an effect of history. Before the discovery of America, in France, everything was made of linen or hemphe explains. France can become the world leader in this field. “We accept bets.

Eglantine Puel

Also read: Consumption: “Eating better” takes precedence over organic

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