Outgoing deputies, beaten at the polls or who did not stand for re-election, can receive unemployment benefits, following the model of the employee regime since 2018. The National Assembly should be renewed again this year in significant proportions: out of the 440 incumbent deputies who stood for the legislative elections, 66 were already eliminated in the first round on Sunday, in the context of the advance of the Nupes alliance on the left.
However, during the last legislature, the profiles of the deputies, mostly from civil society, were more varied. Most have ceased their professional activity for five years and will now look for work, if they have not already found one, like Mickaël Nogal (LREM), hired by an agri-food lobby before the end of his term. This case, which has caused surprise even in the ranks of the majority, is an exception, and reintegration is far from always obvious.
“According to a widespread rumor on social networks, the defeated deputies would keep their salary for five years” Where “would benefit from a golden parachute” but “reality is quite different, and more normal“, explains the outgoing PS deputy René Dosière, a specialist in public spending, in his book “Money, morals, politics”. Parliamentarians from the age of 62 can receive a pension from the deputies’ pension fund, in proportion to acquired life annuities The rules are the same as those of the State civil service since a reform came into force in 2018. The net amount of a deputy’s pension after 5 years in office thus amounts to 661 net euros and the contribution rate at 10.85% of the parliamentary allowance, ie his “salary”.
Officials immediately return to their jobs. They were on call during his tenure and no longer benefited from promotion rules.
For former private sector employees with at least one year of seniority, there is a guarantee of professional reinsertion, in the same or similar job, but only at the end of a first term. After several terms, they benefit from a hiring priority. In other cases, for job seekers, it is unemployment benefits. This was aligned in 2018 with the Return to Work Allowance (ARE) scheme, which provides for the payment of 57% of the daily salary for 24 to 36 months. This corresponds to 4,127 euros gross per month for deputies.
Before 2018, outgoing people could receive a declining end-of-term grant for three years. The financing of the new allocation is ensured by a contribution from all the deputies in office, equivalent to 1% of the parliamentary allocation.
Like the parliamentary subsidy, the unemployment subsidy and the guarantee of reintegration into the company are justified by the desire to allow any citizen, whatever their social status, to exercise a mandate as a deputy if elected.