“Our project will guarantee the environmental, health and food safety of France and the French people. »Marine Le Pen likes to use the word “safety” and claims to be its best advocate, even when it comes to ecology. However, a precise analysis of the ecological component of her program shows, on the contrary, that its implementation would endanger us for lack of any concrete measures.
A fear of ecology
Marine Le Pen’s national ecology is a new opportunity to arouse a fear: that of environmentalists who would endanger our way of life. The introduction of the ecological component in the candidate’s program confirms this: the national ecology is an ecology opposed to the one defended by all other ecologists. These other environmentalists are the ones who practice “climate terrorism”defend a “ecology on earth, based on the lie of globalism”.
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According to a classic argumentative technique of the extreme right, it is about starting by shaking a scarecrow, to scare, in order to calm down later. In short, Marine Le Pen offers an ecology without constraints for those who vote for her, recycling the rejection of celebrities “punitive ecology”. Thus, “The ecological transition will not be done out of fear, bad conscience, punishment”. The national ecology will not require any sacrifice but, at most, a simple “adaptation” of our way of life. Finally, the national ecology does not demand anything and the candidate’s program consists above all in declarations and never in precise, quantified, dated, structuring promises.
An ecology without rights
The ecological component of Marine Le Pen’s program is a new opportunity to express a rejection of the law and the rule of law. Marine Le Pen first proposes to denounce the commitments assumed by France in front of other European states and even the whole world: “We will free the French from these irrational commitments. » As for the Paris agreement, Marine Le Pen proposes to stay in it… without respecting its terms! “France will respond to the commitments of the Paris agreement by the means it has chosen, at the pace and according to the stages it has decided. » Which amounts to respecting a contract: not according to the terms of the contract but according to one’s own wishes… In reality, it is no longer a question here of respecting international climate law but of taking measures directly contrary to our international commitments. and Europeans.
The law forged in France is no longer appreciated. Marine Le Pen proposes to modulate the scope of the applicable legal regulations according to the sole criterion of the size of the company: “We will differentiate the texts and their application according to the size of the companies. We will initiate the regulatory simplification in favor of SMEs, the self-employed and merchants. » However, exonerating people from environmental law enforcement simply because they are small businesses is not effective for the planet or for those people who are the first to be exposed to environmental degradation.
Ecology without coherence
Marine Le Pen’s proposals are not only against the law, they are also contradictory. The idea is to talk about ecology without displeasing anyone. This is how the candidate proposes to stop the development of renewable energies (“We will pronounce a moratorium on wind and solar energy”) and encourage the consumption of hydrocarbons by lowering taxes on fuels. It is the best way to continue emitting greenhouse gases massively without helping the most modest to do without fossil fuels.
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The candidate also proposes to subordinate the marketing authorization of pesticide products solely to the opinion of the Minister of Agriculture. This is not consistent with the current procedure and is probably not the best guarantee of reducing the use of chemicals in agriculture. Talking about ecology without displeasing an electorate that sometimes fears that ecology will change their way of life is not easy…
Localism without premises
The national ecology is also a new opportunity to express the rejection of the foreign, of the international, of globalization in favor of the territories, of the local. To do this, Marine Le Pen continues to exploit and divert the concept of “localism” from its initial meaning: “Localism sums up this movement that gives primacy to what is close, to what is common and to unity. » Removing the primacy of European laws, giving primacy to what is close, to what is local, which would be threatened by “globalization” is an old antiphon of the extreme right.
But if Marine Le Pen makes the case for “localism” in this way, she never refers to local elected officials and never proposes to directly involve the inhabitants in the decisions that will be made. The centralized and authoritarian power expressed in a recurrent “we” will make all the decisions and the inhabitants will simply be informed or listened to. The principle of public participation enshrined in our Constitution is not limited, however, to requiring governments to inform and listen to citizens. The latter must, in the territories, be able to influence public elections.
Thus, when Marine Le Pen speaks of ecology, it is above all to continue, over and over again, promoting a nationalist project, of withdrawal, of closing borders. The “national ecology”, devoid of any real content, is not the sign of a modernization of the extreme right-wing party that would have taken over the environmental crisis, but simply a new means to continue promoting a very nationalist project. This national ecology and its concepts are not intended to structure a true environmental protection program. Rather to promote nationalist ideas, and it doesn’t matter if both the living and the threats to the living know no borders.