Le Pen and Macron criticized for their climate program

These results from the first round of thepresidential election 2022 is a defeat for the climate and more broadly for the environment“: Greenpeace France’s observation, on Twitter, is scathing. The two candidates for the final duel, the outgoing president Emmanuel Macron and the representative of the National Rally Marine Le Pen, did not convince the defenders of the environment and activists against climate change .. on its ability to implement the necessary reforms to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, namely, for France, a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to their level since 1990.”It will be up to the next government to launch the nation on a path consistent with the Paris Agreements. If we don’t make it in the next five years, we can throw them away.“, warns Matthieu Auzanneau, from the think tank The Shift Project.

The latest report by the UN climate experts (IPCC) also highlighted the need to act in the coming years to hope to contain global warming. Several organizations questioned the candidates about their intentions, or alternatively, revised their programs. These two candidatesthey had no interest in making global warming visible in this campaign, in part they succeeded“, observes Simon Persico, professor at Sciences Po Grenoble. During the next mandate, France will work on the first five-year programming of the law on energy and climate (LPEC), to establish the priorities of climate and energy policies. With a European ambition raised to a 55% emission reduction by 2030, France will probably have to pick up its own pace.

Massive use of nuclear energy.

Emmanuel Macron counts in particular on the “continuation of the construction of the first six nuclear power plants new generation, the multiplication by 10 of our solar energy and the installation of 50 offshore wind farms by 2050“. Also aims”build a French renewable energy production sector“, defends hydrogen and the electric car. The I4CE institute – which questioned the candidates about the budget they will dedicate to the ecological transition – considers in a note, however, that Mr. Macron’s program “contains no tax measures and very few regulatory measures to encourage households and businesses to invest for the climate“Climate Action Network believes that”no measure has been advanced that goes in the direction of a greening of the State budget“and deplores his desire to perpetuate the reduction of production taxes linked to the post-Covid recovery plan”,always without environmental or social compensation“.

In her program booklet on ecology, Marine Le Pen states that “France will respond to the commitments of the Paris Agreement, by the means it has chosen, at the pace and according to the stages it has decided“. One of its emblematic measures is a “moratorium“in wind turbines and photovoltaics, in addition to dismantling existing wind farms, preferring to rely on the renewable side of hydroelectricity and geothermal energy. To fight against precariousness, defend”Partial zero rate of fuel tax“, a measure “downright counterproductive” for the transformation of the transport system, according to Greenpeace France.

Marine Le Pen like Emmanuel Macron rely heavily on nuclear power to decarbonise electricity production. But The Shift Project points out that the capacities proposed by the first (100 GW) are not realistic compared to industry forecasts for 2050.”Any exit strategy fossil fuels it must be very strong on employment, equity, sobriety and governance. At the moment, we know almost nothing about what the candidates are proposing on these fundamental axes.“, insists Matthieu Auzanneau.

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